PLANTING AND GROWING TIPS
More trees are lost from drying roots before planting, than for any other reason. Soak trees overnight in a water furrow or in an irrigation dam before planting. Trees can be transported in a 200l drum full of water after opening the bundle. Irrigate directly after planting.
Make sure that trees get enough water, but do not over irrigate. Both water logging and drought can cause young trees to die.
Install the irrigation system before planting.
Trees are marked with white paint at the soil level, to ensure that growers can plant trees to the correct depth. If planted to shallow the crown of the root is exposed to the sun and trees will dry out. If planted to deep the tree will battle to anchor itself into the topsoil and may blow over in strong wind.
Plant early to give trees a chance to establish roots before the weather becomes too hot and hostile. It is difficult to establish trees successfully with day temperatures reaching 38-45C.
Do the best soil preparation you can afford. All flood irrigated land should be laser leveled before planting. In alluvial soil, planting holes should be dug to a depth of about 1.5-2m. It is important to mix clay and sand layers to improve drainage and to break any compaction layers.
Buy the best quality trees available. The cost of planting material is a small portion of the total investment in your pecan venture, but tree quality can play a major role in the final success. Rather wait for a year if the right planting material is not available.
Light management can be greatly improved, and hedging is more efficient, if trees are planted in a rectangular pattern running North-South. If the natural slope of the land does not allow the tree rows to be established in a North-South direction, the trees should be planted in a square pattern.
Choose the correct main cultivar for your climate and make sure that you have sufficient pollinizers of the right type and the right variety to ensure the best yield.